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Cold Weather for Pets and Livestock
Cold weather and potential snow are the current weather conditions. Animal owners should be aware and ready to protect their pets and livestock and do the proper things to help them through this unusual cold spell. Animal Emergency Preparedness is something to think about an develop a plan. In addition to cold and snow, think through any needed precautions for a big winter storm with lots of rain and wind, fire, and extreme hot weather.
The following are a number of concerns and recommendations:
Animals, especially indoor/outdoor pets, probably do not have an adequate winter coat for protection in these very low temperatures.
Hypothermia and dehydration are the two most probable life-threatening conditions for animals in cold weather.
Wet conditions and wind-chill add greatly to the cold-stress for animals (and people).
Pets should be brought inside or into protected covered areas, provided with plenty of bedding and food and drinking water.
Livestock should be provided with wind-break and roof shelter, and monitored for signs of discomfort (extensive shivering, weakness, lethargy, etc.)
It is very important that livestock be provided extra hay/forage/feed as up to double the calories for normal body heat maintenance may be needed in extreme cold.
It is critical that animals have access to drinking water. Usual water sources may freeze solid in low temperatures and dehydration becomes a life-threatening factor. Many of our animals, especially the young, may not know how or be unable to break several inches of ice to reach water. In general, animals tend to drink less in extreme cold, risking dehydration. Research with horses shows horses drink more water if it is warmed during winter weather.
Special attention should be paid to very young and old animals. They may be less able to tolerate temperature extremes and have weaker immune systems.
If you have concerns, contact your local veterinarian or UCC County Director and Livestock and Natural Resources Advisor Roger Ingram at 530-889-7385 or email@example.com
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In the News
Click here to see the Placer County Master Gardener news segment which aired on KCRA 3.